Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 8-20 ft Width: 6-10 ft
Noted for: Showy flowers, aroma, fragrance, thorns, interesting foliage
Recommended Uses: Good for barrier shrub and as wildlife thicket, also nice as specimen.
Considerations: Thorns on trunks and branches. Place where flowers and fragrance can be enjoyed, but away from walkways. Can suffer from root rot if too wet.
Propagation: Seeds or cuttings.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: prefers alkaline soil
The thorny branches make good cover for birds and other wildlife. Fruits are not generally valued. Attracts pollinators.
Native Habitats: Coastal uplands, ruderal, shell middens
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: In southern Europe this species is extensively planted for the flowers, which are a perfume ingredient.
Other Comments: Although drought-tolerant, this shrub/small tree may benefit from a few deep, thorough soakings during extremely dry periods. When young, it tends to be multi-trunked, so if a tree form is desired, pruning is required. Very briefly deciduous.
Although the range extends further north, it is best used in landscaping where temperatures do not drop below 20 degrees F.