Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 15-30 (48) ft Width: 15-20 ft
Noted for: Showy flowers, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage
Recommended Uses: Specimen plant or mass planting in wet soils.
Considerations: Fruit litter may be a problem in in small landscapes.
Propagation: Seed, grafting.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Friends
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: neutral to somewhat calcareous
Bird nesting area and food source. Larval food source for Giant sphinx (Cocytius antaeus).
Native Habitats: Swamps and sloughs
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: The Seminole Indians used this plant to make a cleaning product and as a food source (fruits). Seeds are said to be toxic. The fruits have been used to make jelly and custard. Major pond apple forests along the southern rim of Lake Okeechobee were destroyed for agriculture early in the 20th century.
Other Comments: In Australia, pond apple is a Weed of National
Significance. It is regarded as one of the
worst weeds in Australia because of
invasiveness, potential for spread, and
economic and environmental impacts.