Life Span: annual
Size: Height: to 3 ft Width: 1 ft
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Color: green
Noted for: Showy flowers, thorns
Recommended Uses: Wildflower garden. Roadside wildflower areas. This plant blooms from late winter into spring displaying its large flowers when little else is blooming in the garden.
Considerations: Sharp thorn-like prickles cover most of the plant. Highly toxic.
Propagation: Seed can easily be gathered where this plant grows along roadsides. Throw it in open areas in the wildflower garden and expect it to self-seed in future years.
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: Circum-neutral to calcareous.
Attracts various pollinators.
Native Habitats: Ruderal areas. Common on dry roadsides.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Other Comments: This is one of Florida's most showy and most under-appreciated wildflowers. Look for it along disturbed roadsides in mid-late winter and early spring.