Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 1.5 - 2.0 ft Width: 1 - 1.5 ft
Flower Color: white,red,green
Fruit Color: green
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits
Recommended Uses: Specimen plant.
Considerations: difficult to establish because of long taproot.
Propagation: Usually grown from nursery stock. Difficult to transplant, minimize root disturbance and keep moist until established. Can be grown from seed.
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: 5.0 - 7.0
Larval host to the Zebra Swallowtail butterfly (Eurytides marcellus)and pawpaw sphinx (Dolba hyloeus).
Native Habitats: flatwoods, scrub, sandhill
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Edible fruit.
Other Comments: Flowers range from maroon to maroon and white, to maroon and green mixed. One common name is gopherberry - because golpher tortoise eat the fruit.