Betula nigra

river birch

Betulaceae

wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

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florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 50-80 ft    Width: to 40 ft
Flower Color: flower color      green,NA
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Hurricane wind resistance, fall color, interesting bark

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Specimen plant located where the salmon-colored shaggy bark can be seen. Use for shoreline erosion control. Has been used for mine reclamation due to its tolerance of acidic soils.
Considerations: Although native to floodplains, it is not tolerant of extended periods of flooding.
Propagation: Seed. Naturally transported by wind and water.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: Acidic to neutral

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Birds ad other wildlife consume seed.
Native Habitats: River floodplains

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   8A,8B,9A,9B

Other

Ethnobotany: Cut as pulpwood. Has been used for cabinetry where fine or strong wood is not needed.
Other Comments: Noted for its shaggy, peeling salmon-colored bark. The natural form is a single-trunked tree, but multi-trunked cultivars are common. Southernmost birch in the US.