Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 5 to 20 ft Width: 4 to 8 ft
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, aroma, fragrance
Recommended Uses: Wetlands and wetland edges as a specimen plant with a pleasing multi-stemmed vase-shape.
Considerations: Foliage is poisonous to livestock and humans.
Propagation: Seed or hardwood cuttings. Seed does not need pre-treatment.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: neutral to alkaline
Flowers are very attractive to a variety of insects. Deer browse the foliage. Ducks and other birds including jays, cardinals, nuthatches, titmice, warblers, and mockingbirds consume the seed.
Larval host for titan sphinx (Aellopos titan) and hydrangea sphinx
(Darapsa versicolor) moths.
Native Habitats: Marshes, swamps, river floodplains
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Has been used medicinally though there are potential issues. Dried leaves may be poisonous to pets.
Other Comments: Noted for it's round satellite "ball" flowers and round "button" fruits. Fragrant.