Cephalanthus occidentalis

buttonbush

Rubiaceae

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

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florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: shrub
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 5 to 20 ft    Width: 4 to 8 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color      white,yellow
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, aroma, fragrance

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Wetlands and wetland edges as a specimen plant with a pleasing multi-stemmed vase-shape.
Considerations: Foliage is poisonous to livestock and humans.
Propagation: Seed or hardwood cuttings. Seed does not need pre-treatment.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: neutral to alkaline

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Flowers are very attractive to a variety of insects. Deer browse the foliage. Ducks and other birds including jays, cardinals, nuthatches, titmice, warblers, and mockingbirds consume the seed. Larval host for titan sphinx (Aellopos titan) and hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor) moths.
Native Habitats: Marshes, swamps, river floodplains

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   8A,8B,9A,9B,10A,10B

Other

Ethnobotany: Has been used medicinally though there are potential issues. Dried leaves may be poisonous to pets.
Other Comments: Noted for it's round satellite "ball" flowers and round "button" fruits. Fragrant.