Citharexylum spinosum

fiddlewood

Verbenaceae

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

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florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 15 - 25 feet    Width: to 12 feet
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, aroma, fragrance, hurricane wind resistance

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Wonderful in a mixed hedge, can be sheared to desired height, but the flowers and berries are too good to be missed. Excellent specimen plant. This plant is naturally multi-stemmed; to form a tree, the stems must be continually reduced to one until a trunk is formed.
Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers, Friends
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Flowers attract wide variety of pollinators and the larval host for epicorsia moth (Epicorsia oedipodalis). Berries eaten by many species of wildlife.
Native Habitats: Dry sites. Pinelands, maritime and sub-tropical or tropical hammocks

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   9B,10A,10B,11

Other

Ethnobotany: The strong and heavy wood of this plant are also the source of its name - it has long been used for musical instruments, including violins, guitars and others.
Other Comments: The shiny green leaves, gently fragrant flowers and glossy berries make this a charming plant. Can occasionally be subject to defoliation by the moth larvae, but these are an excellent food source for birds and their nestlings, and the fiddlewood regenerates quickly.