Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 1-2 ft
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: black
Noted for: Showy flowers, fall color
Recommended Uses: Groundcover for dry sites. Clonal (forms small clumps of stems).It has deep red foliage in fall.
Considerations: Slow growing and difficult to establish.
Propagation: Seed. Division.
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: Acidic
Birds and small mammals eat the fruit. Attracts native bees.
Native Habitats: Sandhills, flatwoods, flatwoods, flatwoods-wetland transition zones, hydric seep slopes including cutthroat seeps and edges of shrub-tree bogs, scrubby flatwoods, scrub.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Edible. Sometimes used in pies and jams. Seedy.