Ilex opaca

American holly

Aquifoliaceae

wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

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florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 40-60 ft    Width: 15-25 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      red
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy fruits, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Specimen tree.
Considerations: Sharp spines (teeth) on leaves.
Propagation: Softwood cuttings started in spring. Seeds of most holly species require 2-3 years of dormancy before they will germinate.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: acidic

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Fruits predominantly eaten by birds. Pollinated by bees, night-flying moths, other insects.
Native Habitats: Upland woods, second bottom but will not tolerate long flooding. Often an understory plant.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   8A,8B,9A,9B

Other

Ethnobotany: The wood is pale, tough, close-grained, takes a good polish, and is used for handles, engraving blocks, and cabinet work. It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony. Fruits are poisonous to humans.
Other Comments: Both male and female plants required for pollination and seed set.