Life Span: long-lived perennial
Phenology: deciduous,evergreen,winter dormant
Noted for: Showy fruits, interesting foliage
Recommended Uses: Useful as a specimen in moist areas. Its urn shape and orange spore producing fertile leaves make this fern attractive as an individual specimen in areas that have adequate moisture. Large size and grace are its principal appeal. Evergreen in south-central FL. Deciduous in north FL.
Considerations: Needs periodic removal of old (dead) fronds.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, Specialty providers
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: acidic
Native Habitats: This species typically grows on seepage edges of swamps and in the upper reaches of baygalls (bay swamps). It is not found in long-term standing water though it grows well on rotten logs and hummocks in swamps. It is an indicator of seepage conditions.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Other Comments: Called cinnamon fern because of the color of its fertile fronds.
In Florida it sends up its fertile fronds in the spring and fall; farther north in its large range, the fertile fronds only emerge in the spring.