woodbine, Virginia creeper
Synonyms: Ampelopsis hederacea
Life Span: annual
Size: Height: to 40 ft
Fruit Color: blue
Noted for: Fall color
Recommended Uses: Allow to climb on trellis, trees, or building masonry. The tendrils of Virginia creeper are tipped with adhesive-like disks that gives the vine the ability of cementing itself to surfaces. Unlike many vines, these tendrils will not penetrate the surface of the masonry which can be detrimental to the structure. Can be used as a ground cover.
Considerations: It should not be allowed to climb painted surfaces because this same adhesive-like material will bond to the surface and likely damage the paint . This plant can be overly aggressive and readily reseeds.
Propagation: Seeds, cuttings, layering.
Availability: Seed, Friends
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Fruits eaten by a variety of birds and small mammals. Also used for shelter.
Native Habitats: Dry-moist sites. Hammocks, riverine forests, coastal sites, flatwoods, thickets, disturbed woods.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Apparently a dye can be made from the fruits. Fruits said to be edible but not tasty. The Cherokee used an infusion made from this plant for the treatment of jaundice caused by liver problems. The Creek tribe use this plant as a treatment for gonorrhea. Many northern tribes had myriad medicinal applications for this plant.