Phytolacca americana

pokeweed

Phytolaccaceae

wildlife plant  


florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: flower
Life Span: short-lived perennial
Size: Height: 6-10 ft    Width: 5-8 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      black
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Interesting red stems. Makes a good specimen plant in an informal garden. Weedy in appearance if in large numbers.
Considerations: The roots and seeds are poisonous.
Propagation: Once you have one, others will follow from seed. It can also be transplanted from root stock.
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant  
Attracts numerous pollinators to the garden. Birds eat the berries.
Native Habitats: Flatwoods

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   8A,8B,9A,9B,10A,10B,11

Other

Ethnobotany: Young foliage is eaten, and some people plant seed just to get the young foliage. But beware, older foliage and the roots and seed are poisonous. Beware, unless boiled with multiple water changes, even the young leaves could be poisonous. These greens have been called poke sallet, an old English term for cooked greens--not "poke salad." Native Americans used the bright crimson juice to stain feathers, arrow shafts, and garments, and to decorate their horses. The United States Declaration of Independence was written in pokeberry juice.
Other Comments: Interesting red stems. Makes a good specimen plant in an informal garden. Weedy in appearance if in large numbers and stems tend to split when branches get too heavy or in high winds.