Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: To 70 ft
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: black
Noted for: Showy flowers, fall color
Recommended Uses: Shade tree. Useful for informal reforestation of old grove land.
Considerations: Leaves and twigs are highly poisonous to livestock, pets and humans.
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Bees are pollinators. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Native Habitats: Dry sites. Upland mixed forest, upland hardwood forest, secondary woods, old fields, sandhill, ruderal areas.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Can make jelly from the pitted fruit.