Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 25-60 ft Width: 20-40 ft
Noted for: Showy fruits, interesting bark
Recommended Uses: Casual lanscapes, moist areas. This tree can be attractive most of the year due to its fairly fine leaves. It is at its best for a brief period in early spring when it blooms (yellow) and then sets masses of white fruit at a time when little else is blooming.
Will tolerate root disturbance and flooding.
Will send up numerous sprouts from stumps.
Considerations: Weak wood, easily broken.
Propagation: Seed, cuttings.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: Acidic to neutral
Larval host plant for Viceroy (Basilarchia archippus). An important nectar source for native bees and other pollinators.
Native Habitats: Swamps, marshes, floodplains, glades around gator holes. Open, wet, sunny areas.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Willow stems have been used for basketry and other woven wood structures such as fences and furniture.
Willow sap contains salicylic acid, which is a natural ingredient of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid).
Other Comments: While generally a swamp plant, this tree can grow in uplands. There is a thriving volunteer in a parking lot island near this building. It is both thriving at attractive.
Stems root readily and most of the stems stuck in a moist substrate will survive without any further care. Is often used in stream bank restoration.