Synonyms: Trillium underwoodii, Trillium decipiens, Trillium lancifolium, Trillium maculatum
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: .5-1.5 ft Width: .5-.8 ft
Flower Color: red,green,brown
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers, interesting foliage
Recommended Uses: Late winter/early spring ephemeral wildflower. Retain and treasure if they occur on your site. Plant as a groundcover in a shady spot--but do not transplant from any place in the wild unless it is threatened by destruction.
Propagation: Division of clumps of bulbs.
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: acidic
Native Habitats: Mesic sites. Slope forests and bluffs.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Other Comments: These species have a cold requirement. They should not be planted south of their native ranges. Flower color varies from dark maroon to mixtures of green and brown. All trilliums are at least moderately rare in Florida; some are very rare. Please do not harvest from the wild.