Ulmus americana

American elm

Ulmaceae

Synonyms:  Ulmus floridana

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

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florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 60-80 ft    Width: 20-40 ft
Flower Color: flower color      green,NA
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown,NA
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Fall color, interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses: Shade tree, formerly used as a street tree noted for its spreading urn-shaped crown. Tolerant of root disturbance.
Considerations: Susceptible to Dutch elm disease.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: circum-neutral

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Seeds used by birds in spring when little else is available. Used for nesting. Larval host for: Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma), Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis), Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Native Habitats: Floodplain forest, wet mesic forests, hardwood swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range

USDA Zones:

Map is based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   8A,8B,9A,9B

Other

Other Comments: This tree is subject to Dutch elm disease. While not as much a problem in Florida as further north, it should be a concern for anyone planning to use this species in a landscape setting. In most of eastern North America, this tree has largely disappeared from landscape use due to mass mortality from Dutch elm disease.