Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 10-20 (25) ft Width: 10-20 ft
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: yellow
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, thorns
Recommended Uses: Hedge plant, wildlife plant. Large shrub which can be trained as a tree in the right conditions. Crown is narrow and irregular and the trunks and branches are crooked or twisting.
Considerations: Has thorns.
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, lime rock, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: adaptable
Birds and other wildlife will eat the fruit.
Native Habitats: Scrub, xeric hammocks, swamps.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Map is based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Edible fruits. Fruit has also been used to make soap and cosmetics.
Other Comments: May be semi-parasitic on the roots of other plants which makes it challenging to grow. Best planted near a potential host such as an oak. May die back in winter in northern parts of its range,