Native Plant Communities

Conservation and Good Management Are Critical

Diverse, well managed ecosystems lead to Florida's high plant diversity.

Introduction

Plant Communities are part of ecosystems. Ecosystems are generally classified in accordance with major environmental factors which include the following:

  • Climate
  • Geology
  • Topography and Physiographic Position
  • Soil
  • Drainage
  • Disturbance Regime (such as fire frequency)
  • Biota (insects, fungi, decomposers, wildlife, etc.)
  • Plants
  • Biogeography (history including plate techtonics, ice ages, humans, etc.).

These interact together, each influencing the others. They tend to occur in repeating units in the landscape, but are not necessarily stable in composition or function over time. They should not be thought of as super-organisms, but nor are they plants occurring in isolation simply responding to physical environmental gradients.

Xeric (Very Dry) Uplands

High Pine

 

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Scrub

 

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Xeric Hammock

 

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Somewhat Dry Uplands

Scrubby Flatwoods

 

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Dry Mesic Hardwoods

Dry Mesic Hammock, Pine-Oak-Hickory Woods, Upland Hardwoods, Temperate Hardwoods 

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Mesic Hardwoods

Mesic Hammock, Piedmont Forest, Beech-Magnolia Forest 

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Moist Uplands

Mesic Flatwoods

 

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Dry Prairie

 

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Rocklands

Pine Rockland

 

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Rockland Hammock

 

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Upland Glade

Limestone Glade 

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Wet Flatlands

Prairie Hammock

 

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Wet Flatwoods

Hydric Flatwoods 

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Hydric Hammock

 

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Basin Wetlands

Basin Marsh

 

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Basin Swamp

 

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Depression Marsh

Flatwoods Pond 

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Dome Swamp

Cypress Dome 

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Seepage Wetlands

Wet prairie

 

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Baygall

Forested Seep Slope 

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Wetlands with Slow Moving Water

Marl Prairie

Everglades, Wetland Glades 

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Strand Swamp

 

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Slough

 

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Floodplain Wetlands

Floodplain Forest

Bottomland Forest 

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Floodplain Marsh

 

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Floodplain Swamp

 

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Streams

Seepage Stream

 

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Spring Run Stream

 

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Alluvial Stream

 

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Blackwater Stream

 

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Lakes and Ponds

Acidic, Low Nutrient Lakes

Low Alkalinitiy Lakes, Low Nutrient Lakes, Acidic, Oligotrophic Lakes 

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Alkaline, Low Nutrient Lakes

 

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Eutrophic Lakes

High Nutrient Lakes 

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Coastal Uplands

Maritime Hammock

 

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Coastal Strand

Coastal Scrub 

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Coastal Grassland

 

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Frontal Dune

Active Dune, Beach Dune 

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Coastal Rock Barren

Tidal Rock Barren 

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Coastal Wetlands

Freshwater Tidal Swamp

 

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Mangrove Swamp

 

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Salt Flats

Saltern 

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Saltmarsh

 

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