Native Plant Communities

Basin Swamp

Basin swamps occur in large basins and typically have a peat substrate. These swamps are typically inundated for about 8-9 months. Fire is occasional or rare. Characteristic vegetation includes cypress (Taxodium spp.), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora), bays (Persea palustris, Magnolia virginiana, and/or Gordonia lasianthus) and/or mixed hardwoods (often Acer rubrum and/or Quercus laurifolia).


Clewell, A.F. 1986. Natural setting and vegetation of the Florida Panhandle - An account of the environments and plant communities of northern Florida west of the Suwannee River. Report No. COESAM/PDEI-86/001. United States Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District, Alabama.

Duever, Linda. 1985 (Spring). Florida's Natural Communities: Cypress Swamps. The Palmetto 5, #1:4-5.

Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI). 2010. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.

Myers, R.L. and J.J. Ewel (eds.). 1990. Ecosystems of Florida University of Central Florida Press: Orlando.

USDA Soil Conservation Service. 1986. 26 Ecological Communities of Florida.

Whitney, E.N., D. B. Means, A. Rudloe. 2004. Priceless Florida: Natural Ecosystems and Native Species. Pineapple Press.

Date Updated 2021-10-27 13:20:45


Open-centered cypress swamp in Pasco County.  The area with marsh is too deep for cypress reproduction.  Photo by Shirley Denton.


Bradford Bay.