Native Plant Communities

Mangrove Swamp

Intertidal rocky areas and supratidal area occupied primarily by woody vascular macrophytes; may include various epiphytes and epifauna. Characteristic species include red, white, and black mangrove and buttonwood.


Florida Department of Environmental Protection. 1992. Soil and Water Relationships of Florida's Ecological Communities

Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI). 2010. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.

Gann, G.D., K.A. Bradley, and S.W. Woodmansee. 2009. Floristic Inventory of South Florida Database. Institute for Regional Conservation.

Myers, R.L. and J.J. Ewel (eds.). 1990. Ecosystems of Florida University of Central Florida Press: Orlando.

USDA Soil Conservation Service. 1986. 26 Ecological Communities of Florida.

Whitney, E.N., D. B. Means, A. Rudloe. 2004. Priceless Florida: Natural Ecosystems and Native Species. Pineapple Press.

Date Updated 2020-05-17 11:47:34


Mangroves in the Florida keys.  Image by Shirley Denton.


Mangroves at Boot Key, near Marathon.  Photo by Shirley Denton


Mangroves along Biscayne Bay near Miami by Shirley Denton.