Cartrema americanum

Wild Olive, American Devilwood


Also known as Osmanthus americanus

Plant Specifics

Size:8-15 (50) ft tall by 5-10 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Black
Noted for:Aroma, Fragrance, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Evergreen screen, evergreen shrub to small tree.
Propagation:Seed, layering
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:



Birds and other animals will eat the fruit.


Attracts bees.

Native Habitats:Moist sites. Coastal hammocks, floodplains, bulffs, flatwoods, bay swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Fruit is edible
General Comments:Fragrant.