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|Size:||1.5-3 ft tall by 1 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Interesting foliage|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower garden where it is very showy in late summer/early fall.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Some birds and small mammals consume consume the seeds (https://flawildflowers.org/).
Larval host for southern dogface (Zerene cesonia).
Attracts insects, especially bees.
|Native Habitats:||Dry flatwoods, sandhill, scrub. This species can be seen at the Starkey Wilderness Preserve in Pasco County.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Three species occur in Florida. Please plant your local variety.|