|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant, hedge plant. Large shrub to small tree. Large, showy, shiny leaves.|
|Considerations:||Mature fruits are not attractive (young fruits are nice looking)|
|Propagation:||Male and female flowers on different plants, so need to plant both to get fruits.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Calcareous (high pH)|
Mockingbirds enjoy the fruits.
Larval host plant for tantalus sphinx (Aellopus tantalus) moths.
Nectar plant for mangrove skipper (Phocides pigmalion) and other butterflies.
|Native Habitats:||Coastal hammocks.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Wood has been used for tools such as rifle handles. Fruit is edible when fully ripe (black), but not tasty to many people.|
|General Comments:||Tolerant of salt spray, but not of inundation by salt water.|