Amyris elemifera

Photo by John Bradford. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

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Torchwood, Sea Torchwood


Plant Specifics

Size:15-20 (40) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Purple,black
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms spring-fall.
Habitats:Coastal uplands


Recommended Uses:Noted for its 3-parted glossy leaves. Can be used as as a specimen plant, screen, or possibly a hedge.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.



The fruit is eaten by birds and small mammals. Also used for cover or nesting by birds.

Larval host plant for Bahamian swallowtail (Heraclides andraemon), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) and Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) butterflies.