Avicennia germinans

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

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Black Mangrove


Plant Specifics

Size:15 to 40 (60) ft tall by 10 to 30 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Green
Phenology:Evergreen. Sends up pheumatiphores. Seeds germinate on the tree.
Habitats:Coastal mangrove wetlands, usually somewhat upland of the red mangrove(Rhizophora mangle) when found together.


Recommended Uses:Valued as a shoreline stabilization plant. Can also be used for screening.
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Stays Wet
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil/Substrate:Marine alluvium, Sand



Provides good cover for birds and other wildlife. 

Larval host for mangrove buckeye (Junonia evarete) butterfly. Nectar plant for a variety of pollinators including the great southern white (Ascia monuste) butterfly.  Nectar used by butterflies.  Pollinated by bees, wasps, and flies. (Landry, 2013).