Betula nigra

Photo by Shirley Denton, Suncoast Chapter FNPS. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

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River Birch


Plant Specifics

Size:50-80 ft tall by to 40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Green,NA
Phenology:Deciduous. Inconspicuos blooms in spring. Moderately long-lived.
Habitats:River floodplains


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant located where the salmon-colored shaggy bark can be seen. Use for shoreline erosion control. Has been used for mine reclamation due to its tolerance of acidic soils.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand



Birds and small mammals consume seed. 

Larval host for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies