Celtis laevigata

Photo by John Bradford. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Hackberry, Sugarberry


Plant Specifics

Size:60 to 80 ft tall by 30 to 50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Inconspicuous blooms in early spring. Fruits ripe in fall. Lifespan up to 150 yrs (Nelson)
Habitats:River floodplains, ruderal


Recommended Uses:Rarely used but suited to informal areas. Tolerant of root disturbance, so appropriate to parking lots and street tree uses.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand



Fruits are eaten by a number of birds and small mammals.  Provides cover.

Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.

Wind pollinated.