Citharexylum spinosum

Photo by Kari Ruder. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

QR code FNPSlogo

2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society



Also known as Citharexylum fruticosum

Plant Specifics

Size:12 - 25 feet ft tall by to 12 feet ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Young fruits orange, mature to brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Dioecious. Flowers and fruits throughout the year. Moderately long lived (Nelson 2003)
Habitats:Dry sites. Pinelands, maritime and sub-tropical or tropical hammocks


Recommended Uses:Wonderful in a mixed hedge, can be sheared to desired height, but the flowers and berries are too good to be missed. Excellent specimen plant. This plant is naturally multi-stemmed; to form a tree, the stems must be continually reduced to one until a trunk is formed.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Lime rock, Sand



Berries eaten by many species of bids and other wildlife.

Larval host for fiddlewood leafroller moth (Epicorsia oedipodalis) (Institute for Regional Conservation).

Nectar plant for butterflies.

Attracts bee pollinators.