Conocarpus erectus

Photo by John Bradford. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

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Plant Specifics

Size:20-40 (50) ft tall by 20-40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,green,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Flowers and fruits all year. Long-lived (Nelson 2003).
Habitats:Upper edges of mangrove swamps and on lower parts of dunes.


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, shade tree, hedge. Will tolerate shearing.
Light: Full Sun,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil/Substrate:Lime rock, Sand



The seeds are primarily dispersed by water.

Nectar source and larval host plant for martial scrub hairstreak (Strymon martialis) and tantalus sphinx (Aellopos tantalus) .

Nectar plant for amethyst hairstreak (Chlorostrymon maesites) and other butterflies.

Attracts bees (