Ficus citrifolia

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 

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Wild Banyan-tree


Plant Specifics

Size:30-40 (70) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Fruit Color:Red,purple
Habitats:Dry-moist sites. Tropical hammocks.


Recommended Uses:Use as a specimen tree.  May be large.  May produce aerial roots, but less frequently than F. aurea.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Lime rock



Many birds and other wildlife consume the fruit and find cover in this plant.

Larval host for ruddy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus) butterflies, Edwards' wasp (Lymire edwardsii) and fig sphinx (Pachylia ficus) moths.

It is pollinated by a host-specific wasp (Pegoscapus tonduzi).