Frangula caroliniana

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Carolina Buckthorn


Also known as Rhamnus caroliniana

Plant Specifics

Size:12-15 (40) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,green
Fruit Color:Red,black
Habitats:Moist deciduous forests, shell middens, calcareous woods.


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree, can also be containerized, hedge plant, patio plant, or median plant.
Light: Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Loam, Sand



Eaten and dispersed by birds, especially songbirds.

  • Pollinated by insects
  • Larvel host for eastern tiger swallowtail