Helianthus spp.

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:

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Asteraceae (Compositae)

Also known as Helianthus atrorubens, Helianthus floridanus, Helianthus divaricatus Helianthus resinosus, Helianthus heterophyllus, Helianthus microcephalus, Helianthus strumosus, Helianthus hirsutus, Helianthus occidentalis

Plant Specifics

Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:White
Phenology:Winter dormant
Habitats:Flatwoods, woodlands, ruderal areas.


Recommended Uses:Wildflower garden. Most species bloom best if in light shade or sun, though it does depend on species.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray



Birds love the seeds.

Bees and butterflies are attracted to sunflowers. The goldenrod soldier beetle (a.k.a. leatherwing beetle(, Chauliognathus pensylvanicus is a goldenrod pollinator (FL Wildflower Foundation).