Photo by Ginny Stibolt. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||2.5 to 12 ft tall by 2.0 to 5.0 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous, blooms in late spring-summer.|
|Habitats:||Dry-moist sites. Upland hardwood forests and understory.|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen shrub in understory settings. Also suited to mass plantings. May be short-lived and need more TLC when planted south of its native range.|
|Light:||Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil/Substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
Attracts native bees including bumblebees, syrphid flies, and honeybees.
Pollinators attracted to the small fertile flowers (the large flowers are sterile) (Coleen Miko).