Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||3-5 ft tall by 3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Habitats:||Cutthroat seeps, wet prairie, flatwoods marshes, margins of cypress swamps.|
|Recommended Uses:||Adapted to edge of marshes. Suited for use only where the hydrology matches its needs. Where present, protect by protection hydrology and water quality.|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil/Substrate:||Pond, lake, or stream bottom, Organic material (muck)|
Foliage and seeds are food source for birds and mammals.
Attracts insect pollinators, especially bees. Bees include Colletes nudus and Coelioxys sayi plus the non-native Apis mellifera (honeybee), Bombus irnpatiens and Xylocopa micans (Deyrup et al. 2002).