Photo by John Bradford. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||20-30 ft tall, spread 10-15 ft.|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall and persist into winter.|
|Habitats:||Dome swamps, coastal flatwoods, transitional edges of dome swamps in flatwoods, coastal flatwoods, bay swamps, cutthroat seep.|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil/Substrate:||Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.
Bees pollinate flowers. Documented bee visitors include Hylaeus confluens, Augochlorapura, Augochlorella gratiosa, Dialictus placidensis and Sphecodes heracle (Deyrup et al. 2002).