Iva frutescens

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

QR code FNPSlogo

2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society

Bigleaf Marsh-elder

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:3-4 (10) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Green
Fruit Color:Green,NA
Phenology:Evergreen, semi-woody. Blooms summer-fall.
Habitats:Salt marsh, dunes.


Recommended Uses:Retain in the landscape for coastal protection where present. Used for dune restoration.
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.


Provides some cover for wildlife and maybe some foods.