Lobelia cardinalis

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Cardinal Flower


Plant Specifics

Size:3-5 ft tall by 1 ft wide
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Red
Fruit Color:Brown,NA
Phenology:Winter dormant. Blooms late summer-early winter. While perennial, some plants may die after flowering.
Habitats:Riverine swamps, spring run swamps, bogs, in mats of floating vegetation, wet ditches.


Recommended Uses:Wildflower in moist garden, edge of water garden, understory plant in wet woods or stream edges
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Pond, lake, or stream bottom, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand



Attracts hummingbirds.

The nectar attracts various Swallowtail butterflies.

Bumblebees will steal nectar through slits in the tubular corolla.

Halictid bees sometimes gather pollen, but they are apparently ineffective at pollination (Hillty, ).