Photo by John Bradford. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||50 - 65 ft tall by 15 - 50 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms late-spring into summer.|
|Habitats:||Slope forest, dry-mesic to mesic upland hardwood forest.|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree. Can also be used in a woodland setting.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
Fruits are eaten (and spread) by squirrels, opossums, and birds including quail, and turkey.
Beetles are the primary pollinators. The flowers have a hardened carpel to avoid damage by their gnawing mandibles as they feed. The beetles are after the protein-rich pollen. Because the beetles are interesting in pollen and pollen alone, the flowers mature in a way that ensures cross pollination. The male parts mature first and offer said pollen. The female parts of the flower are second to mature. They produce no reward for the beetles but are instead believed to mimic the male parts, ensuring that the beetles will spend some time exploring and thus effectively pollinating the flowers (In Defense of Plants blog).