Mitchella repens

Photo by Eleanor Dietrich. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Partridge Berry, Twinberry


Plant Specifics

Size:1-2 inches ft
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Habitats:Hammocks, upland hardwood forests, upland mixed forest, seep slopes, second bottom and levees in floodplains.


Recommended Uses:Typically grown as a curiosity. This is a very small plant that acts as a groundcover with the caveat that the plants are very small. Keep it in a natural forested setting or establish in such an area.
Light: Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Loam, Sand



Birds  and small mammals consume the berries which mature in the fall and are retained through the winter and spring. 

Bumblebees pollinate the flowers. Cross-pollination, required for seed set, is controlled by factors that permit germination of pollen from long anthers only on the stigmas of a different flower with a long styles; conversely, pollen from short anthers can germinate only on the stigmas of a different flower with a short styles. (VNPS).