Nyssa biflora

Photo by . Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

QR code FNPSlogo

2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society

Swamp Black Gum, Swamp Tupelo


Also known as Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora

Plant Specifics

Size:60-80 ft tall by 40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall.
Habitats:Dome swamps, strand swamps. Tolerates extended periods of inundation.


Recommended Uses:Grows naturally in swamps and best planted in moist areas. For moist settings, it is appropriate both as a shade tree and as a fall-color specimen tree in those parts of the state that get good fall cooling.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Organic material (muck), Sand



Fruite eaten by birds and small to medium sized animals.

Pollinated by bees.