Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||4-5 tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms in late July-December.|
|Habitats:||Scrub and scrubby flatwoods.|
|Recommended Uses:||Since this gets tall, plant it at the rear of a wildflower garden. Blooms in mid-fall with blooms concentrated at the tops of the stems.|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
Attracts butterflies and moths
Types of bees that have been observed visiting the flowers at the Archbold Biological Station (Deyrup and Deyrup 2015) include honey bees, bumble bees.plasterer bees, sweat bees, leafcutting bees, spider wasps, thread-waisted wasps, and vispid wasps.