Salix caroliniana

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Carolina Willow, Coastalplain Willow


Plant Specifics

Size:25-60 ft tall by 20-40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:White
Habitats:Swamps, marshes, floodplains, glades around gator holes. Open, wet, sunny areas.


Recommended Uses:Casual lanscapes, moist areas. This tree can be attractive most of the year due to its fairly fine leaves. It is at its best for a brief period in early spring when it blooms (yellow) and then sets masses of white fruit at a time when little else is blooming. Will tolerate root disturbance and flooding.
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil/Substrate:Pond, lake, or stream bottom, Organic material (muck), Sand



Larval host plant for Viceroy (Basilarchia archippus). 

The species is wind pollinated, but bees harvest pollend from the male flowers.  Observed species include Dialictus nymphalis and D. tegularis (Deyrup et al. 2002).