Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Elderberry, American Elder


Plant Specifics

Size:10-15 ft, at least as wide as it is tall, sometimes wider.
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Blue,purple,black
Phenology:Deciduous in the north, evergreen in the south. Blooms spring-summer (into fall in the south).
Habitats:Disturbed wetland edges, wet roadsides, etc.


Recommended Uses:Casual settings, wetland edge or screen plant.  Long bloom period.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil/Substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand



Fruits popular with birds.

Flowers attract many pollinators.