Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||2.5-6 (8+) ft tall by 1.5-2.5 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Flowers predominantly summer-fall.|
|Habitats:||Coastal upland forest. Coastal marshes, estuarine and bay shores.|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower garden.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
- Nectar plant for monarch (Danaus plexippus) and other butterflies.
- Attracts many pollinators. The goldenrod soldier beetle (a.k.a. leatherwing beetle(, Chauliognathus pensylvanicus is a goldenrod pollinator (FL Wildflower Foundation).