Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||6-12 ft tall by 3-5 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Habitats:||Moist-wet sites. Hardwood swamps, cypress swamps, seep swamps.|
|Recommended Uses:||Use as a natural hedge behind shorter plants.|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
Many birds and other wildlife consume fruit the fruit and spread the seed.
Attracts many pollinators especially native bees. Documented bee visitors include Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Dialictus placidensis, Osmia sandhouseae, Habropoda laboriosa, Apis mellifera (honeybee) and Bombus impatiens (Deyrup et al. 2002).