Photo by Ginny Stibolt. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
2002-2022, Copyright Florida Native Plant Society
|Size:||6-8 (12) ft|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms spring-early summer. Fruits ripen in late summer-fall. Life span about 50 yrs (Nelson).|
|Habitats:||Mesic to dry-mesic woods. Areas of shallow to moderate inundation, along stream and river banks, swamps, swamp borders, fertile uplands, titi swamps, secondary woods.|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant. Screen plant or understory shrub.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
Birds and other wildlife consume fruit.
Larval host for the spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).
Both native and non-native viburnums (Viburnum spp.) attract a wide range of pollinators with strong scents that promise either a nectar or pollen reward. Scarab beetles of the genus Cetonia are particularly interesting viburnum pollinators, possessing branched hairs on their bodies that are similar to pollen-collecting hairs found on bees. These hairs ensure a better chance of cross-pollination for self-sterile viburnum species. Viburnums with long corolla tubes and sweet scents are most often pollinated by species belonging to the order Lepidoptera, while viburnums with shorter corolla tubes and muskier odors receive frequent visits from flies and small bees. This relationship corresponds to the size of the insect mouthparts. Most viburnums produce very little nectar despite the wide range of pollinators.. The primary reward, at least for bees, is not nectar but pollen (Arnold Arboretum).