Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

Photo by Shirley Denton. Photograph belongs to the photographer who allows use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

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Plant Specifics

Size:10 to 25 (50) ft tall by 10-25 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Yellow
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruit ripens in fall.
Habitats:Hammocks, wet woods, dunes, shell middens.


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil/Substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand



Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit.

Larval host for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes).