Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 7-15 ft Width: 5-7 ft
Noted for: Showy fruits
Recommended Uses: Specimen plant in casual settings. Also useful as a natural screen or buffer plant. The fruits can provide a white haze for several weeks in the fall. The primary horticultural feature is the silvery, plume-like achenes which appear in the fall on female plants.
Considerations: Weak wood. Seed is wind disbursed and may become weedy.
Propagation: Seed. Salt bush is dioecious, that is, both a male and female plant are necessary for seed production - the photos at left show both the male (cream to yellow) and female (cream) flowers. The female flowers rapidly mature into bright, white tufted fruits making the plant showy for several weeks.
This plant readily self seeds...in Texas, it is a range pest. In eastern Canada, it is a very rare (listed) species.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed, Friends
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: 5.5 - 7.8
Attracts various pollinators. Seed are eaten by small birds and other wildlife.
Native Habitats: Coastal uplands and disturbed moist inland area.
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Other Comments: This species is under-used as the fruits during the fall add substantial interest to a casual garden.
One of the few true shrubs in the aster family. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants.