Hamelia patens

firebush

Rubiaceae

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


PlantRealFlorida.org

FNPS provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. In doing so, FNPS is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the FANN webite. Some members of FANN may provide services that do not further the FNPS mission, and this link should not be considered to be an endorsement of any specific nursery, services that it provides that do not support the FNPS mission, or the quality of its products or services.

florida.plantatlas.usf.edu

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: shrub
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: to 10 ft    Width: to 10 ft
Flower Color: flower color      red
Fruit Color: fruit color      black
Noted for: Showy flowers, hurricane wind resistance

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:

Specimen or hedge plant. Also works well in informal background thickets.

Considerations:
  • This species is cold sensitive and will die back if it freezes
  • There are recent observations of the plant in north Florida where it appears to be naturalizing. This is "assissted migration" and could be an the that it may become invasive outside of its range
Propagation:

Readily available from native nurseries. Easily transplanted. May sucker and suckers can be moved. Readily grows from seed.
Plants sold at big box stores are usually not the native variety.

Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
moisture_bar
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: 5.5 - 8.2

Ecology

Wildlife:
wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
  • Excellent hummingbird and zebrawing attractant.
  • Attracts sphinx moths and the Pluto sphinx uses it as a larval host
  • Birds and small mammals use the fruits.
Native Habitats:

Dry sites. Coastal forests, upland forests, hammocks.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:
   9A,9B,10A,10B,11

Other Comments:

Closely related plants occur in the Caribbean and Central America. Yellow or orange fruited plants are not the Florida native.

In recent years plants have been found growing wild near homesites in north Florida -- what you plant can escape into the wild if planted beyond the natural range. Please plant responsibly - this plant has the potential to be invasive when used outside of its natural range