Ilex vomitoria

yaupon holly


wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 8-25 ft    Width: 5-8 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      red
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Specimen tree.
Considerations: Tends to produce suckers, which can be removed if you wish to have a specimen tree. It's dioecious; so make sure you have at least one male plant in the vicinity to produce berries on the females.
Propagation: Naturally clonal, so can transplant from new stems. Seeds of most holly species require 2-3 years of dormancy before they will germinate.
Availability: Big box stores, Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, Seed, Friends
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Various bird species eat the fruit and many use the evergreen foliage for cover. Bees and other insects pollinate the flowers.
Native Habitats: Coastal scrub, coastal dunes, coastal flatwoods, river swamps, scrub, secondary woods, pine-oak-hickory woods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

Many cultivars have been developed or found in the wild ranging from weeping forms to little round balls ('Shillings').

To get fruits, both a male and a female are required. Although there are issues with provenance, 'Shillings' is a male and can provide an inconspicuous source of pollen for larger females. The issue (with no scientifically vetted answer) is whether pollen from a natural dwarf could have any affect on wild populations of yaupon holly (the author suspects 'no' as being dwarf is unlikely to provide any selective advantage in the wild.